The research and development of L. macranthoides is conducted with the support of National Science and Technology Major Project of China and Jiangsu Provincial Natural Science Foundation. Sixty chemical compounds were obtained, including two lead compounds which have prospect of antitumor. Supported by the related fundamental research, the total cultivated area of L. macranthoides was over 80 000 acres in the Longhui County，Hunan Province, and the sales is over 10 billion RMB. The planting industry of L. macranthoides has become one of the pillar industries of Longhui county, the national poverty county in China. During this research, 10 papers have been published on leading journals, including 5 papers cited by Science Citation Index (SCI), and 4 national patents have been declared, including 2 issued patents.